Oka (nt.) [Vedic okas (nt.), fr. uc to like, thus orig. "comfort", hence place of comfort, sheltered place, habitation. The indigenous interpretation connects oka partly with okāsa = fig. room (for rising), chance, occasion (thus Nd1 487 on Sn 966: see anoka; SnA 573 ibid.; SnA 547: see anoka; SnA 573 ibid.; SnA 547: see below), partly with udaka (as contraction): see below on Dh 34. Geiger (P. Gr. § 20) considers oka to be a direct contraction of udaka (via *udaka, *utka, *ukka, *okka). The customary synomym for oka (both lit. & fig.) is ālaya] resting place, shelter, resort; house, dwelling; fig. (this meaning according to later commentators prevailing in anoka, liking, fondness, attachment to (worldly things) S iii.9 = Sn 844 (okam pahāya; oka here is expld. at SnA 547 by rūpa -- vatthɔ ādi -- viññaṇassɔ okāso); S v.24 = A v. 232 = Dh 87 (okā anokam āgamma); Dh 34 (oka -- m -- okata ubbhato, i. e. oka -- m -- okato from this & that abode, from all places, thus taken as okato, whereas Bdhgh. takes it as okasya okato and interprets the first oka as contracted form of udaka, water, which happens to fit in with the sense required at this passage, but is not warranted otherwise
except by Bdhgh's quotation "okapuṇṇehi cīvarehī ti ettha udakaŋ". This quot. is taken from Vin i.253, which must be regarded as a corrupt passage cp. remarks of Bdhgh. on p. 387: oghapuṇṇehī ti pi pāṭho. The rest of his interpretation at DhA i.289 runs: "okaŋ okaŋ pahāya aniketa -- sārī ti ettha ālayo, idha (i. e. at Dh 34) ubhayam pi labbhati okamokato udaka -- sankhātā ālayā ti attho", i. e. from the water's abode. Bdhgh's expln. is of course problematic); Dh 91 (okam okaŋ jahanti "they leave whatever shelter they have", expld. by ālaya DhA ii.170).
-- cara (f. ˚carikā J vi.416; ˚cārikā M i.117) living in the house (said of animals), i. e. tame (cp. same etym. of "tame" = Lat. domus, domesticus). The passage M i.117, 118 has caused confusion by oka being taken as "water". But from the context as well as from C. on J vi.416 it is clear that here a tame animal is meant by means of which other wild ones are caught. The passage at M i.117 runs "odaheyya okacaraŋ ṭhapeyya okacārikaŋ" i. e. he puts down a male decoy and places a female (to entice the others), opp. "ūhaneyya o. nāseyya o." i. e. takes away the male & kills the female. -- (ñ)jaha giving up the house (and its comfort), renouncing (the world), giving up attachment Sn 1101 (= ālayaŋjahaŋ SnA 598; cp. Nd2 176 with v. l. oghaŋjaha). -- anoka houseless, homeless, comfortless, renouncing, free from attachment: see separately.
oka m. (√uc Comm. on Uṇ. iv, 215), a house, refuge, asylum (cf. an-oka-śāyin)
• a bird L.
• = vṛṣala T.
• conjunction of heavenly bodies L.