Obama Tours Temple, Lauds Buddhism in First Visit to Laos by a Sitting US President
US president Barack Obama’s historic and widely publicized visit to Laos—the first by an incumbent US president—included a tour of the ancient northern city of Luang Prabang on Wednesday, where Obama stopped off at a centuries-old Buddhist Temple and posed for a photo with a group of monks.
A professed Protestant Christian, Obama has had more than a few brushes with Buddhism during his two terms in office, meeting His Holiness the Dalai Lama on two separate occasions, as well as Buddhist nun, teacher, and author Pema Chödrön. He has also made several references to Buddhism and Buddhist teachings during public appearances.
The US president and his entourage conducted a brief tour of Luang Prabang yesterday, which encompasses the UNESCO Town Of Luang Prabang World Heritage Site on the banks of the Mekong River. Luang Prabang was a regional center for Buddhism when the city was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lan Xang from 1354–1560 and is renowned for its numerous centuries-old Buddhist monuments and monasteries.
Obama’s first stop in the historic town was the ornate 16th century Wat Xieng Thong temple complex, sometimes known as the “Temple of the Golden City.” Respecting traditional custom, the US president removed his shoes before entering the complex’s carriage house, where he was shown a row of golden sculptures. Outside, he took a short moment to pose for a photo with 21 assembled novice monks in saffron robes.
In a formal speech to the people of Laos a day earlier, during which he touched upon various aspects of the checkered relationship between Laos and the US, Obama paid tribute to Buddhism and traditional Lao culture. “In countless stupas and in your daily lives, we see the strength that draws so many of you from your Buddhist faith,” he observed. “A faith that tells you [that] you have a moral duty to each other to live with kindness and honesty, and that we can help end suffering if we embrace the right mindset and the right actions. And in literature, like the epic of [Sang] Sinxay,* we see the values that define the people of Laos, such as modesty and compassion, and resilience and hope.” (YouTube)
Obama also broached the sensitive subject of the US military activity in the country in the 1970s, during its war with Vietnam, when the US secretly dropped more than 2 million tons of bombs on Laos, making it the most heavily bombed country on a per-capita basis in history. The US president pledged to double the amount of aid provided to to Laos for the removal of unexploded ordnance, committing US$90 million over a three-year period.
Obama’s visit to Laos is part of a US initiative to seek closer economic ties with Southeast Asia at series of meetings this week following the Group of 20 summit in Hangzhou, China, on 4–5 September. Obama is one of several world leaders arriving for a conference of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in Laos, which is taking its turn to chair the regional forum.
The Lao People’s Democratic Republic is a predominantly Buddhist nation, with about 66 per cent of the population identifying as Theravada Buddhists, according to 2010 data from the Washington, DC-based Pew Research Center. Laotian folk religions account for the bulk of the remainder. There are an estimated 5,000 Buddhist temples in this country of 7.2 million people and some 22,000 monks, including roughly 9,000 senior monks who have engaged in several years of monastic study. Most Buddhist men in Laos spend part of their lives at a monastery as a monk, even if only for a few days.
* Sang Sinxay, an epic poem written by the poet Pang Kham in the 16th century, is considered one of the three masterpieces of Lao literature. Scenes from the poem are depicted in numerous Buddhist temples. Sang Sinxay is considered by many to be a non-canonical Jataka. In one section of the poem, the hero Sinxay is identified as the Buddha.
Obama Takes a Detour to Reconnect With Southeast Asia (The New York Times)
US has 'moral obligation' to help Laos heal Vietnam war wounds, Obama says (The Guardian)
US President Barack Obama embraces Laotian culture and pushes back against American isolationism (South China Morning Post)
Obama In Laos - Full Speech To People Of Laos (YouTube)
Obama, in Laos, highlights the strength of Buddhist faith (Lion’s Roar)
Obama Visits Remote Mountain Town in Laos (VOA)
Town of Luang Prabang (UNESCO)