Buddhist Temple Stays Suspended in Korea as Coronavirus Spreads; Religious Gatherings Under Scrutiny
The Cultural Corps of Korean Buddhism (CCKB), an affiliate of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism, South Korea’s largest Buddhist order, has suspended its “Templestay” program throughout the country following a sharp rise in the number of confirmed novel coronavirus (COVID-19) infections.
“As people’s concerns about the coronavirus rise due to the number of confirmed cases increasing day by day, we have inevitably decided to suspend our operations,” said Ven. Wonkyung, CCKB director and head monk. “We also ask all the Templestay operating staff and head Buddhist monks to pay more attention to preventing the spread of the infection and their health.” (The Korea Herald)
The Cultural Corps of Korean Buddhism was established in 2004 to promote Korean Buddhism and traditional Buddhist culture through cultural experience and education programs, exhibitions, and campaigns. Under the Templestay program, the organization enables laypeople to access 137 Buddhist temples in South Korea. In 2019, 70,520 foreigners were reported to have participated in the program.
South Korea has recorded the highest number of coronavirus infections outside of neighboring China. At the time of writing, confirmed infections in Korea had reached 4,335, with 26 deaths, according to government data. Globally, confirmed cases have surpassed 89,000, with deaths exceeding 3,000. China accounts for 90 per cent of total confirmed infections and 96 per cent of fatalities caused by the virus.
COVID-19 is believed to have first spread from an illegal wildlife market in the central Chinese city of Wuhan, in Hubei Province. The World Health Organization has estimated the mortality rate from the virus at 2–5 per cent, with infants, the elderly, and people with underlying health conditions considered most at risk.
Map of the COVID-19 outbreak in South Korea as of 29 February.
Most of the confirmed infections in South Korea are from the country’s fourth-largest city Daegu, in southeastern Korea, which accounts for 3,081 cases, and 73 per cent of these have been linked to the Shincheonji Church of Jesus the Temple of the Tabernacle of the Testimony, a secretive fringe Christian group accused of being a religious cult. Members of the group are believed to have infected one another and others as they moved around the country.
The Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) has said that Shincheonji Church members visited Wuhan in January, and that an investigation is now underway to determine whether the trip played a role in the surge in infections in Korea. Shincheonji Church congregants are prohibited from wearing glasses and face masks during prayer services, which may have helped the virus spread, the authorities have said.
Earlier today, the Shincheonji Church’s controversial leader Lee Man-hee, 88, made a televised apology to the “government and the people,” and asked for forgiveness, noting that that the outbreak was “not intentional.” (BBC News)
Religious gatherings of all types have come under increased scrutiny as the Korean authorities work to contain the outbreak. The health authorities believe another cluster of cases originated at a church in the southern city of Busan, with other clusters linked to a group of Catholic pilgrims returning from Israel and the Myeongseong megachurch in Seoul.
Buddhist temples and Christian churches across Korea have since suspended regular ceremonies, services, and public events in response the outbreak, with many offering congregants online alternatives to traditional public ceremonies via social media channels. In Seoul, the Yoido Full Gospel Church streamed a sermon for its 560,000 followers on YouTube, filming a small choir instead using its usual 200 members and 60-person orchestra. South Korea’s Catholic Church has suspended Mass at more than 1,700 locations nationwide.
Prof. Francis Jae-ryong Song, who teaches sociology at Seoul’s Kyung Hee University, observed that many Korean Christians have an “evangelical mindset” and engage in group religious activities, including outreach programs to gain new converts, multiple times per week. The large-scale spread of the virus, Song said, may be attributable to the unwillingness of many people to reduce such activities. (Quartz)
Buddhist organizations have canceled all public gatherings, events, and services, including educational programs and visits to sacred sites. Mountain temples have also been temporarily closed to the public. The Jogye Order has ordered temples across the country to cancel large group events.*
The Jogye Order is a school of Seon (Zen) Buddhism that traces its roots back 1,200 years to the Unified Silla (also known as the Later Silla) kingdom (668–935). The Jogye school as a distinct entity emerged in the late 11th century when the monk Bojo Jinul, credited as the school’s founder, sought to combine Seon practices with the theological underpinnings of sutra-based Buddhist schools, including Korean Pure Land Buddhism. The order now represents the largest segment of South Korea’s Buddhist population, administering about 1,900 active temples, more than 13,000 monastics, and seven million lay followers nationwide.
According to census data for 2015, the majority of South Korea’s population—56.1 per cent—holds no religious affiliation. Christians make up the largest religious segment of the population at 27.6 per cent, while Buddhists account for 15.5 per cent.
* South Korea’s Buddhist Jogye Order Responds to Coronavirus Outbreak (Buddhistdoor Global)
Cultural Corps of Korean Buddhism shuts down temple stay program due to spread of coronavirus (The Korea Herald)
S. Korea’s religious groups halt services amid coronavirus spread (Hankyoreh)
South Korea closes churches as coronavirus tally passes 3,700 (Reuters)
How religion is playing a role in the spread of coronavirus in Korea (Quartz)
Coronavirus: Global death toll exceeds 3,000 (BBC News)
Templestay (Cultural Corps of Korean Buddhism)
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